One of the most important things that a parent can do for their child is to make sure that they have all their routine childhood vaccinations. It's the most effective way of keeping them protected against infectious diseases.
Ideally, kids should have their jabs at the right age to protect them as early as possible and minimise the risk of infection.
Here's a checklist of the vaccines that are routinely offered to everyone in the UK for free on the NHS, and the age at which you should ideallyhave them.
· Diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis (whooping cough), polio and Haemophilusinfluenzae type b (Hib, a bacterial infection that can cause severe pneumoniaor meningitis in young children) given as a 5-in-1 single jab known asDTaP/IPV/Hib
· Pneumococcal infection
· 5-in-1, second dose (DTaP/IPV/Hib)
· Meningitis C
· 5-in-1, third dose (DTaP/IPV/Hib)
· Pneumococcal infection, second dose
· Meningitis C, second dose
Between 12 and 13 months:
· Meningitis C, third dose
· Hib, fourth dose (Hib/MenC given as a single jab)
· MMR (measles, mumps and rubella), given as a single jab
· Pneumococcal infection, third dose
3 years and 4 months, or soon after:
· MMR second jab
· Diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis and polio (DtaP/IPV), given as a 4-in-1pre-school booster
Around 12-13 years:
· Cervical cancer (HPV) vaccine,
(girls only): three jabs given within six months
Around 13-14 years:
Around 13-18 years:
· Diphtheria, tetanus and polio booster (Td/IPV),
65 and over:
· Flu (every year)
Vaccines For Risk Groups
People who fall into certain risk groups may be offered extra vaccines.These include vaccinations against diseases such as hepatitis B, tuberculosis(TB), seasonal flu and chickenpox. See the NHS Choices pages on vaccines for adults tofind out whether you should have one.
Read more about vaccines for kids on the NHS Choices website .